|Volume: 01, Issue: 15||10/22/2003|
New Tenants for International Space StationCosmonaut Yuri Malenchenkoís and astronaut Ed Luís days are numbered aboard the International Space Station. Expedition 7 crew members Malenchenko and Lu will head back to Earth on Oct. 27, now that the Expedition 8 crew has arrived. Veteran NASA astronaut Michael Foale, seasoned Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri, and European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Pedro Duque docked their Soyuz spacecraft at the International Space Station in the early morning hours of Monday, Oct. 20.
Foale, Kaleri, and Duque embarked upon their mission on Oct. 18 aboard a Russian Soyuz TMA-3 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Upon docking, the crew began a week of shared activities and experiments with the Expedition 7 crew. Duque will return to Earth on Oct. 27 with Malenchenko and Lu, who have manned the Station since late April.
Foale and Kaleri will be kept busy during their six-month stretch aboard the Station. They will devote their time to research projects, including studies spanning physical sciences, Earth observation, and bioastronautics, among others. They will also perform technical upgrades and tests to ensure the Stationís computers and robotic mechanisms are functioning properly.
It is also possible that Foale and Kaleri may participate in a spacewalk. The purpose of the spacewalk would be to access the Zvezda Service module to exchange experiments and prepare the module for the arrival next year of an ESA Automated Transfer Vehicle, which will deliver equipment and supplies.
Expedition 8 Commander Foale grew up in England but moved to the United States to pursue a career in the space program. He succeeded, joining NASA in 1983 and being selected as an astronaut in 1987. His five space flights total more than 178 days in space, including more than four months on the Russian Mir Space Station. Foale has also participated in three space walks.
Kaleri, Soyuz Commander and Space Station Flight Engineer, has flown on three previous missions to the Mir and logged 416 days in space. He has flown international missions with German and French cosmonauts, as well as American astronauts Shannon Lucid, John Blaha and Jerry Linenger.
Expedition 8 coverage on NASA Television can be seen on the Internet at:
NASA astronaut biographies and information about the Space Station are available on the Internet at:
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