Volume: 05, Issue: 01 08/30/2006 
Liftoff of the Atlas V carrying NASA's New Horizons spacecraft to a distant date with Pluto. Image credit: NASA/KSC.
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Pluto, center and it's previously known moon Charon, below Pluto and right of center, shine brightly. Two newly discovered moons appear more faintly to the right of the pair. Image credit: NASA.
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Artist concept of 2003 UB313. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.
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Other Articles in This Issue:
Pluto No Longer a Planet
Atlantis Headed Back to Launch Pad
NASA Galaxy Hunter: Huge Black Holes Stifle Star Formation
Participate in Science Events

New Horizons Continuing on to Pluto, Planet or Not

When New Horizons launched in January 2006 it was with all the prestige of the first spacecraft to study Pluto, the last unvisited planet in the solar system. That changed seven months later, when astronomers decided that Pluto was not a planet. For the time being New Horizons is at least the first mission to a dwarf planet – the new class of objects into which scientists dumped Pluto. But that does not mean it will be the first spacecraft to visit a dwarf planet. Under the new definition, Ceres may be upgraded from asteroid to dwarf planet, and if NASA’s Dawn mission launches as planned next summer, it will arrive at Ceres in February 2015, five months before New Horizons gets to Pluto.

In the meantime, New Horizons’ mission remains the same: to unlock one of the solar system’s last, great secrets. The spacecraft will cross the orbits of all the planets from Earth to Neptune and fly by Pluto and Charon in July 2015. Charon had been generally regarded as Pluto’s moon, but the new definition of planet may change its status as well. Apparently, not even the astronomers are entirely sure. Regardless, the seven science instruments on the piano-sized New Horizons probe will shed light on the bodies’ surface properties, geology, interior makeup, and atmospheres.

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