Volume: 05, Issue: 04 10/11/2006 
The Apollo 7 crew: Walter M. Schirra Jr., commander; Donn F. Eisele, command module pilot; Walter Cunningham, lunar module pilot The crew is pausing in the doorway of the recovery helicopter. Image credit: NASA.
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The morning sun reflects on the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean as seen from the Apollo 7 spacecraft during its 134th revolution of the earth. Image credit: NASA.
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Nighttime view of Apollo 7 spacecraft at Launch Complex 34. Image credit: NASA.
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Other Articles in This Issue:
NASAs Mars Rover and Orbiter Team Examine Victoria Crater
NASA Finds Saturn's Moons May be Creating New Rings
Amazing Andromeda Galaxy
Online Chat with NASA Flight Systems Engineer John Gruener

Celebrating the First Manned Apollo Mission

Shes riding like a dream, said mission commander Walter Schirra as Apollo 7 rocketed into history on October 11, 1968. During the 10-day mission, Apollo 7s crew- commander Walter Schirra, command service module pilot Donn F. Eisele, and lunar module pilot R. Walter Cunningham paved the way for the missions to follow. Once Apollo 7 cleared the pad, a three-shift mission control team-led by flight directors Glynn Lunney, Eugene Kranz, and Gerald D. Griffin in Houston- took over. A little more than 10 minutes into its mission, Apollo 7 reached the first state of its journey, an orbital path above Earth.

The Apollo vehicle and the command service module performed superbly. Durability was shown for 10.8 days longer than a journey to the Moon and back. With few exceptions, the other systems in the spacecraft operated as they should. Most components supported the operations and well-being of the spacecraft and crew as planned, in spite of minor irritations like smudging windows and puddling water.

Apollo 7 accomplished what it set out to do qualifying the command and service module and clearing the way for the proposed lunar-orbit mission to follow. And its achievement led to a rapid review of Apollo 8s options. The Apollo 7 astronauts went through six days of debriefing for the benefit of Apollo 8, and on October 28, 1968, the Manned Space Flight Management Council investigated every phase of the forthcoming mission. By November 1968, nearly all the skeptics had become converts.

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