Volume: 05, Issue: 08 01/10/2007 
Mars at 43 million miles from Earth. Image Credit: NASA//Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).
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Gullies in Sirenum Terra, Mars. Image credit: NASA/JPL/Univ. of Arizona.
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Mars Rover Panorama Shows Vista From 'Lookout' Point. Image credit: NASA/JPL/Univ. of Arizona.
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Other Articles in This Issue:
Hubble Maps the Cosmic Web of "Clumpy" Dark Matter in 3-D
NASA Completes Review Milestone for Ares I Vehicle
Famous Space Pillars Feel the Heat of Star’s Explosion
Online Chat with Former NASA Astronaut Rich Clifford

NASA Selects Proposals for Future Mars Missions and Studies

On January 8, 2007, NASA selected two proposals for concept study development for future robotic missions to Mars. These missions would increase understanding of Mars’ atmosphere, climate, and potentially habitability in greater detail than ever before.

In addition, NASA will fund a U.S. scientist to participate in a proposed European Mars mission, as well as fund instrument technology studies that could lead to further contributions to future Mars missions.

“These mission selections represent unprecedented future research that will lead to further advancing our knowledge and understanding of the red planet’s climate, and atmospheric composition,” said Dr. Mary Cleave, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, NASA Headquarters, Washington.

Each Mars mission proposal will receive initial funding of approximately $2 million to conduct a nine-month implementation feasibility study. Following these detailed mission concept studies, NASA intends to select one of the two proposals by late 2007 for full development as a Mars Scout mission. The mission developed for flight would have a launch opportunity in 2011 and cost no more than $475 million.

The selected Mars mission proposals are:

-Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution mission, or Maven: The mission would provide first-of-its-kind measurements, address key questions about Mars climate and habitability, and improve understanding of dynamic processes in the upper Martian atmosphere and ionosphere. The principal investigator is Dr. Bruce Jakosky, University of Colorado, Boulder. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, will provide project management.

-The Great Escape mission: The mission would directly determine the basic processes in Martian atmospheric evolution by measuring the structure and dynamics of the upper atmosphere. In addition, potentially biogenic atmospheric constituents such as methane would be measured. The principal investigator is Dr. Alan Stern, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder Colorado. Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, will provide project management.

Additionally, NASA has selected Dr. Alian Wang of Washington University, St. Louis, to participate as a member of the science team for the European Space Agency’s ExoMars mission. Wang will receive approximately $800,000 to study the chemistry, mineralogy, and astrobiology of Mars using instrumentation on the ExoMars mission, scheduled for launch in 2013.

NASA also has selected two proposals for technology development studies that may lead to further NASA contributions to ExoMars or other Mars missions. The two technology development studies, funded for a total of $1.5 million, are:

-Urey Mars Organic and Oxidant Detector: The Urey instrument would investigate organics and oxidant materials on Mars using three complementary detection systems. The principal investigator is Dr. Jeffrey Bada, University of California at San Diego. The instrument would be built and managed at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California.

-Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer, or Moma: The instrument would investigate organic molecular signatures and the environment in which they exist using a mass spectrometer and gas chromatograph. The principal investigator is Dr. Luann Becker, University of California at Santa Barbara.

These selections were judged to have the best science value amount 26 proposals submitted to NASA in August 2006 in response to an open announcement of opportunity.

The Mars Scout program is an initiative for innovative, relatively low-cost missions selected on a competitive basis.

NASA’s Mars Exploration Program seeks to characterize and understand Mars as a dynamic system, including its present and past environment, climate cycles, geology, and biological potential. The Mars Exploration Program Office is managed by JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, for the Mars Exploration Program, Science Mission Directorate, Washington.

For more information, please visit the following website:

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