Volume: 06, Issue: 02 02/13/2008 
Against a backdrop of blue Atlantic Ocean, space shuttle Atlantis with its crew of seven astronaut rise from Launch Pad 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center to start the STS-122 mission to the International Space Station. Liftoff was  at 2:45 p.m. EST.
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Spacewalker Rex Walheim works in the payload bay of space shuttle Atlantis. Photo credit: NASA TV.
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STS-122 Crew. Photo credit: NASA.
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Other Articles in This Issue:
Astronomers Eye Ultra Young, Bright Galaxy in Early Universe
Spitzer Catches Young Stars in Their Baby Blanket of Dust
NASA’s Deep Impact Begins Hunt for Alien Worlds
Online Chat with Former NASA Astronaut

STS-122 Atlantis

Space shuttle Atlantis' mission on STS-122 is what everyone's been working toward: expanding the science capabilities of the International Space Station. Atlantis lifted off on Thursday, February 7, 2008.

Over the past year and a half, solar arrays and a connecting module have been added for power and to provide a pathway to new modules on the International Space Station. But the mission of shuttle Atlantis’ crew will mark the beginning of the culmination of all that work.

Two Navy captains will lead the mission. Veteran astronaut Steve Frick will command the mission and Alan Poindexter will serve as the pilot; mission specialists Leland Melvin, Air Force Colonel Rex Walheim, Stanley Love, and ESA astronauts Hans Schlegel and French Air Force General Leopold Eyharts round out the crew. Expedition 16 Flight Engineer Daniel Tani, who traveled to the space station on the STS-120 mission, will return home with the STS-122 crew. Eyharts will join the Expedition 16 crew, serving with Commander Peggy Whitson and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko.

Scientific research will take on a new look aboard the International Space Station when Atlantis delivers the newest research module to the orbiting complex, the European Space Agency’s Columbus laboratory. The addition of Columbus will expand the science capabilities of the space station. Columbus will be Europe’s largest contribution to the construction of the station. Twenty-three feet long and 15 feet in diameter, the module will house experiments in life sciences, materials science, fluid physics, and other disciplines. In addition to the Columbus module, Atlantis will deliver experiments to be performed in orbit and two ESA astronauts, one of whom will remain on the station to perform them.

“This is history,” said Mission Specialist Léopold Eyharts, the ESA astronaut from France who will remain on the station after his shuttle crewmates leave. “Europe is doing today things that we never did before. This is really a first step into permanent operations in space.”

Eyharts will take -- or float -- the literal first step into Columbus, but he and his crewmates will have a lot of work to do before he gets to that point. Even getting the laboratory out of Atlantis’ cargo bay will be a challenge. Columbus was designed before NASA’s Return to Flight after the Columbia accident. One of the modifications made to the shuttle was the addition of a 50-foot boom used by the shuttle’s robotic arm to inspect the shuttle’s heat shield. There’s not quite room for it and all of Columbus.

The grapple fixture – or handle – that the robotic arm uses to pick Columbus up and out of the cargo bay gets in the way of the boom, so the laboratory is being launched without the handle attached. During the mission’s first spacewalk, mission specialists Rex Walheim and Hans Schlegel – an ESA astronaut from Germany– will put it back on.

“That has to go exactly as planned,” Sarafin said. “Otherwise we can’t get Columbus out of the payload bay.”

Once it’s out, however, the installation should be pretty straightforward, according to Lead Station Flight Director Sally Davis.

“I think I’ll jinx it if I say it’s going to be easy to install,” she said. “But the actual mechanical connection is a common berthing mechanism, which we’ve used many times in the past. I don’t foresee any problems with that.”

Once those connections are made on the shuttle’s fourth day in space and a few preparations are completed, Eyharts will be able to take a quick peek inside Columbus on the following day.

“I think it will be very emotional,” Eyharts said. “If we think of all the work that has been done, being the last part in the chain is something that is really nice and fills you with pride. I think that will be very visible.”

NASA’s ground control will be in charge for some of the initial activation of Columbus systems, but once the laboratory’s computers are up and running, the Columbus Control Center will take over. That doesn’t mean, however, that Eyharts and Schlegel’s American crewmates – Walheim, Commander Steve Frick, Pilot Alan Poindexter, mission specialists Stanley Love and Leland Melvin, and station Flight Engineer Daniel Tani, who will come back in Eyharts’ place – will abandon them to the work.

Sarafin said just about any time the crew is not doing a spacewalk, they’ll be working inside Columbus to get it up and running. In fact, Frick said much of the transformation will take place while the shuttle is still there. The goal is to get as much of Columbus’ outfitting done as possible. That way, after the shuttle leaves, Eyharts can devote more time to science.

“I think it’s great, because we have been focused so much on basically assembling the infrastructure of the station – the trusses that provide power and cooling and data and communications,” Frick said. “So once we get this up and running, because they’ve got all those trusses up there to provide electrical power, they’ll be able to activate these experiments and start doing excellent science.”

Davis said her European counterparts are eagerly anticipating doing just that, and she can understand why. Her first flight as a flight director was in 1998, when the Unity Node – the first major U.S. component – was added, and she remembers the excitement.

“When the moment arrived for them to open the hatch and float in, it was like angels sang,” Davis said. “I thought, ‘Wow. That’s great stuff.’ I’m sure the folks in the Columbus Control Center will feel the same way when they watch the hatch open and watch their crew members go into their module for the first time.”

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